The third session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC), China's top legislature, voted on and passed the "Civil Code of the People's Republic of China" on Thursday. In addition to general and supplementary provisions, the civil code "includes six parts on real rights, contracts, personality rights, marriage and family, inheritance, and tort liabilities," Xinhua News Agency reported.
Noting that the decision to draft a civil code was announced in October 2014 and the legislative process started in June 2016, the news outlet detailed:
[The new civil code] states that the property rights of individuals are equally safeguarded to those of the State and collective, and online virtual assets are protected, too.
Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, told the session that "The compilation of the civil code is an important component of the plans of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core for developing the rule of law," the publication conveyed. This new civil code will enter into force on Jan. 1, 2021.
The scope of inheritance has been expanded from the existing law. Under the new civil code, "virtual assets, such as bitcoins, [can] be inherited," as are all property legally acquired by a natural person, the news outlet emphasized.
Wang Liming, executive vice president of the Renmin University of China and a law professor, was quoted as saying: "The civil code is the first law to carry the title ‘code' for the People's Republic of China. It lays down the fundamental principles and regulations regarding civil activities and relations. It reflects the will of the people and protects their rights and interests."
Several Chinese courts have also ruled that cryptocurrencies are property that should be protected by law. For example, the Shanghai No.1 Intermediate People's Court ruled that bitcoin is an asset protected by law while the Shenzhen Futian District People's Court ruled that ethereum is legal property with economic value.
Meanwhile, China is working on issuing its own central bank digital currency but there is currently no timetable for the launch, Yi Gang, governor of the People's Bank of China (PBOC), told reporters this week. Internal pilot tests have been conducted in various cities "to check the theoretical reliability, system stability, conveniency, applicability and risk controllability of the digital currency," the governor confirmed.